ePlasty: Vol. 11
Dermal Perfusion of Common Donor Sites Free Flaps in Chronic Smokers and Nonsmokers
Afshin Rahmanian-Schwarz, MD,a Viktor Molnar, MD,b Rennekampff H.-O., MD, PhD,c Phillipp Gonser, MD,a Lina Willkomm, MD,a Amro Amr, MD,a Manuel Held, MD,a Hans-Eberhard Schaller, PhD,a and Hirt Bernhard, MDa

aDepartment of Plastic, Reconstructive, Hand and Burn Surgery, BG-Trauma Center, Eberhard Karls University Tuebingen, Germany; bDepartment of Plastic, Hand, Aesthetic and Burn Surgery, Stiftungsklinikum Mittelrhein, Koblenz, Germany; and cDepartment of Plastic Surgery, Hand and Burns Surgery, University Aachen, Germany

Correspondence: a.rahmanian@web.de

Objective: The smoking behavior of the patient influences the indication of plastic surgeon in his reconstruction procedure on the assumption that smoking may increase the complication risks. In the present study, we evaluate the particular aspect of topographic differences in dermal perfusion in chronic smokers and nonsmokers. Methods: The perfusion parameter of 8 common donor sites for free flap transplantation were investigated in 152 smoking and nonsmoking subjects (n = 152; women: n = 78, 51%; men: n = 74, 49%; smokers: n = 38, 25%; nonsmokers: